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Phenolic compounds are vital plant allelochemical groups in the ecology, multiple parts of plants contain a variety of phenolic compounds these natural compounds help plants defend themselves against predatory plants. Plants' acetic acid and shikimic metabolic pathways produce phenolic chemicals. Additionally, these compounds exhibit a wide variety of structural forms. In many commercial processes, phenolic compounds are utilized to create chemicals including insecticides, explosives, medicines, and colors. Phenolic chemicals are widely used as herbicides for crop protection in an allelopathic approach., insecticides, and fungicides. They are also employed in the bleaching stage of paper production. The major goal of this evaluation is to draw attention to the ability of phenolic chemicals to allelopathic, which can offer us solutions to a variety of ecological issues, particularly those related to the conservation of the environmentally friendly development of forests, farms, with other alternatives to current synthetic pesticides include bioactive plant secondary metabolites by releasing phytotoxic substances from plant cells.
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